Different uses for voting
need different types of voting.
Social Goals for
|These democratic goals for elections and legislation preview topics on the main pages. (Mathematical criteria for voting systems appear in the supplementary math pages.)|
Give voters real choices of candidates who can win,
This supports a wide variety of candidates,
Reduce wasted votes and so end weak mandates.
Reduce the number of districts with safe seats.
Give fair representation to all major groups;
Elect a central chairperson with wide appeal; she will
Reduce deadlocks and upheavals in budgets or policies.
Cut the chances for agenda scams: Speed-rank all options
Give all reps equal funds for projects and agencies.
Strengthen Democracy: Expand the popular base of power.
In a one-winner contest, the best rules raise the number of votes the winner needs from a plurality to a majority, increasing the winner's mandate.
In a multi-winner contest, the best rules raise the total votes needed to fill all the council seats, increasing the mandate for the council's majority. (These rules also lower the share of votes required to win one seat at the council.)
|Voting for||Old rules||New rules|
|Chairperson||the plurality||a majority|
|Council||pluralities||over three quarters|
|Budget||a few power blocs||all members|
|Policy||a one-sided majority||the over-all majority|
These rules are fast, easy and fair.
They organize big groups backing popular choices.
The #1 goal is "the greatest happiness for the greatest number."
The diverse reps form an inclusive and balanced council.
We can create a new type of democracy between adversarial and consensual:
When it comes to voting rules, a new Mercedes costs little more than an old clunker. The added cost is certainly worthwhile if the vote leads to important budgets or policies. Each dollar spent to count ballots may steer $10,000 in taxes.
Does your car have an 1890 "steering tiller" or a new, power-assisted steering wheel? Does your organization have an 1890 voting rule or a new, balanced and centered rule?
Today's drivers need the skill to use power steering — but they do not need the skill to build a car or the math and logic to engineer one. Same with voters and voting rules.
Three Propositions for Accurate DemocracyDemocracy's greatest risk may come from inside: from systems that work poorly. Teach your friends and associates:
Accurate representation selects central and diverse reps.
Many people are excited to learn that democracy does not have to mean winner take all. Instead it can lead to everyone having their fair share of representation and power. It is easy and it works.
The next page contrasts two political philosophies about the purpose of elections.
|Electoral Systems||Legislative Systems|
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